Belgrade City Guide travel tourist sightseeing attractions information

Belgrade City Guide Business Tourist Travel Information

sightseeing Belgrade attractions Belgrade history Belgrade restaurants Belgrade weather

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Belgrade History Overview

It is thought that around 5,000BC the Vinca culture lived in or close to present day Belgrade. In the 3rd century AD the Celts settled in the area before prior to the becoming part of the Roman Empire. It was invaded several times by different tribes until the ancestors of today’s moved into the area in the first part of the 7th century.

The first documentation of the name Belgrade (Slavic for Belgrade) is dated 878 AD, at the time of the first Bulgarian Empire. During the next the four hundreds the Bulgarian Empire and Hungarian Byzantium fought over the city. In 1284 it rested as the Kingdom of Syrmia under Serbian rule. At the end of the 14th century the southern part of the Serbian Empire was lost but Belgrade in the northern survived for 70 years before the armies of the Ottoman Empire laid siege to the city in 1456. The siege failed but in 1521 it was finally captured by the Ottomans who destroyed most of the city.

In 1594 as the town began to prosper again a Serbian rebellion failed. In the last of the 17th century and twice in the 18th century it was occupied by the Austrian and recaptured. In 1806 the Serbians rebelled and took control of the city until it was recaptured seven years later by the Ottomans. From 1817 it became part of the autonomous Principality of Serbia until the the Ottomans left Belgrade in 1867 when it became Serbia’s capital.

During WW1 it was taken by Austrian – Hungarian forces, was recaptured then taken by German troops before being liberated by French Serbian troops at the end of the war in 1918. Post war Belgrade became the capital of the New Kingdom of Serbia. During WW2 Belgrade was first attacked in 1941 by German and Italian forces and then Hungarian and Bulgarian forces. In April 1944 it was bombed by the British. On November 29th it was taken by the Red Army. It was now the capital of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Some historian estimate Belgrade has been invaded 40 times in 2300 years

Sightseeing and Attractions in Belgrade

Belgrade may not be quite as renowned or fashionable as other major European cities such as Paris , London or Barcelona but its is steeped in fascinating history and  full of charm and personality. Despite all the hardship and atrocities that the Serbs have suffered throughout the years they are actually quite a warm and friendly race of people. It boasts two of the most beautiful rivers in Europe with the Danube and Sava. There may not be a plethora of architectural masterpieces on offer but the few that are here such as The Royal Palace and Temple Saint Sava are utterly breathtaking. Advocates  of history and architecture should plan a trip to Belgrade and may be pleasantly surprised by just how memorable the experience is.

The Millenary Monument,  Gardos Hill,   Zemun Belgrade –  This historic monument was built in 1896 to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the Hungarian state. Zemun was the southern most town in Hungary and that’s why it was seen as a suitable location for the monument. Its design and architecture  has a rather romantic theme.  It’s at the top of Gardos Hill where The views from the top are stunning and many find a visit to the monument to be serene and of theraputic use. The Tower has evolved in to an epicentre for many of the City’s cultural events. Those intrigued by war should find their captivating Exhibition full of Guns, tanks and uniforms to be of interest.

The Royal Palace, 11040 Belgrade – The Royal Palace is a rather lavish affair that was home to King’s Alexander the 1st and King Peter II. This beautiful abode is currently home to Crown Prince Alexander and His family. The Palace took 5 years to be built between the years of 1924 and 1929. The Palace was constructed out of white stone in a traditional  Byzantine-Serbian style. At the front of the palace  is  the most scenic garden. Attached to the palace is a royal chapel which is a tribute to the Saint Apostle Andrew who is the Royal’s families Patron Saint.

The Old Palace, Stari Dvor Kralja Milana Jovanivica Street, Belgrade -This fascinating and classically designed building was erected in 1884 and took just two years to construct. It was previously home to Serbia’s Obrenovic Dynasty and now houses the City Assembly Of Belgrade. Several important events have taken place here over the years including the meetings of the Provisional national assembly.

The Belgrade Fortress, Kalmegdan Park Stari Grad, Belgrade -The Belgrade fortress is a historically crucial monument which offers breathtaking views of the Sava and Danube rivers. It’s an ancient fortress which was created 2 thousand years ago at the end of the 1st century. In 1979 The Fortress was awarded the prestigious status of Monument of Culture and Exceptional Importance.  Ancient Byzantine Emperor Justinian I is responsible for its erection. The Kalmegdan park is a lovely plot of land which is a big favourite amongst city natives.

The Old Bohemian Quarter of Belgrade, Skadarlija Street, Stari grad Belgrade – The Bohemian quarter of the city dates back to the very late 19th century when leading cultural figures came together. It has a cheerful and artistic ambience. At the start of the 20th century it was considered to be a boisterous area which had loud music and entertainment and occasional fights which lead to local residents lodging complaints to the Police. They have a whole host of trendy Cafes and restaurants  such as Dva Jelena  and Tri Sesera. What helped to make the quarter so popular was its convenient location next to the old Operetta and National Theatre. It’s an idyllic destination for bohemian and creative types with its Art Galleries and Souvenir shops.

The Victor Monument [Pobednik] Kalemegdan Fortress, Belgrade This renowned and spectacular monument was erected in 1928 to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the breach of the Thessaloniki attack. This 14 ft monument represents victory and is one of the City’s most popular attractions. Pobednik was sculpted by  Croatian architect and sculptor Ivan Mestrovic. The statue looks particularly dazzling late at night or during a sunset.

National Museum of Serbia, Republic Square, Belgrade – This fascinating museum is essential for any Art enthusiast. The museum was first established in 1844 and  possesses a vast collection of up to 400,000 items. There is a diverse range of Art including Medieval, Modern and Ancient works. If you have come to gain a well rounded view of Serbian culture then the National Museum does not disappoint. One of the Museum’s highlights is Their exhibition dedicated to the work of famous French painter Renoir.   Open Tuesday to Saturday 10 am to 5 pm, Thursday 12 pm to 8 pm and Sunday’s  10 am till 2 pm. Closed on Monday’s. website  http://www.narodnimuzej.rs/code/navigate.php?Id=1

Temple of Saint Sava, Vraear Plateau, Belgrade This religious temple is a magnificent piece of architecture. The name derives from the Medieval Saint Sava who was the founder of the Serbian Orthodox church. This 230 ft structure was completed in 1989 by architects Aleksandr  Deroko and Branko Pesic.  The Cathedral’s front is made out of  aesthetically pleasing white marble and granite. Visitors are very welcome to see the church which is located in the wonderful gardens. Its one of the 10 biggest Church buildings in the world.

St Michael’s Archangel Church at Kneza Sime Markovica 3 dates back to the latter part of the 16th century. It was destroyed in the early 18th century and subsequently rebuilt before being destroyed again in 1797. The present building was completed in 1837 and contains three distinct areas the Altar area being the most atmospheric.

The New Palace also at Kralja Milana St was completed in 1929, served as a museum in the Soviet Era and is am impressive 19th century style building that is now the residency of the President of Serbia.

The Dorcol Botanical Gardens at 43 Takovska St were founded in 1874. This 10 hectacre site contains over 250 different types of trees and as maby plants and bushes.

The Terazije Square in 1830 is a magnificently spacious square with many pleasant architectural ingredients. The Terazije Fountain built in 1860 being one and the some what loud flamboyant ‘pink’ coloured Hotel Moskva built 100 years ago being another

Slavija & Vracar Square. This is one of the most challenging squares in Europe to navigate is Belgrade’s  Situated at the end of Kralja Milana St. this 1880 square is the intersection for seven major roads and features a roundabout that only nightmares are made of. A walk down Knez Mihajlova St is far less stressful. This 1870 pedestrianised area is a good place to shop but visitors should comply with the ‘walk on the right tradition the origins of which are unknown. Close by is The Student Cultural Centre a officers home in the style of a mini-castle built in 1895.

Coffee In BelgradeBelgrade is Parisian in many respects with numerous cafes all with their own appeal. The oldest of these, which serves as a cafe and restaurant, is the Question Mark Cafe in Kafana Znak Pitanja on on Kralja Petra street across the road from Saborna Church . It is a legacy from the past – a very old building with its own courtyard, low tables and real Turkish coffee. Sadly some of the neighbouring buildings are more recent but it is as popular as ever with the locals. Open all day and evening.

Clubbing in Belgrade

The city has several jazz clubs all worth a visit: BIG DILL, Resavska 32,Telephone: 3231-302. ELLINGTON’S, at Hotel Hyatt Regency, Milentija Popovića 5, Telephone:. 3111-234. HEMINGVEJ, Bežanijska 55, Telephone: 190-742. PLATO, Akademski plato 1, Telephone: 635-010. & RADOVIĆ, Aberdareva 1, Telephone: 3227-8757

For our detailed clubbing guide for Belgrade with club reviews please follow this link 

Restaurants In Belgrade

For a restaurant that sells good traditional Serbian food try The Kafana Daca at Patrisa Lumumbe 49. This establishment offers a good selection of very well prepared Serbian dishes in an atmosphere which seems to replicate Serbian village life. The salads, cheeses and chicken are very enjoyable and the portions very generous. The service is by Serbian standards unusually good and the prices are very reasonable.

Another place worth visiting is The Dva Jelena in Skadarlija St. This restaurant is located in one of the most popular eating areas in Belgrade which at one time was very ‘Bohemian’. An extensive range of traditional tasteful Serbian dishes is complimented by traditional folk music together give it a very relaxed ambience.

The Makao Restaurant at Starine Novaka 7 (Tel 323 6631) is the best Chinese restaurant in Belgrade. This beautifully decorated establishment serves very memorable chicken dishes at extremely fair prices. The Zorba Restaurant also in Starine Novaka (Tel 337 6547) likewise offers exceptional chicken dishes accompanied by equally good salads and a authentic ‘Greek Wine List’. For starters try the tomato soup with Greek cheese. Also worth a mention for night birds is the 24hr Toma’s Bakery at Kolarceva 8 its sells fresh sandwiches & 25 types of pizza.

Crime and Personal Safety & Security In Belgrade Pick pockets are a problem on public transport and at the airport. Some tourists are targeted if they are thought to be carrying large amounts of cash. Upmarket cars and four wheel drives attract the attention of thieves. If you are going to Kosovo or Southern Serbia see our  Travel Alerts page.

Official Belgrade Tourist Board Information The Belgrade Tourist board has a very broad and comprehensive set of links to organisations, companies and institutions in Belgrade and Serbia generally. To view these resources please visit their website: http://www.beograd.rs/cms/view.php

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Belgrade Serbia Weather Forecast

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monthly average and extreme temperatures Belgrade Serbia:
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sun hours per day

Temperatures
Average Daily
Records
Minimum
Maxmum
Lowest
Highest
January
2
-3
3
-25
20
February
3
-2
5
-21
21
March
5
2
11
-14
30
April
6
7
18
-6
31
May
7
12
23
-1
34
June
9
15
26
6
37
July
10
17
28
8
39
August
9
17
28
8
39
September
8
13
24
2
42
October
3
8
18
-7
35
November
3
4
11
-8
23
December
2
0
5
-19
21
.
extreme cold
hot
Hungary Village + editorial comment

 

 

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