Erfurt City Guide travel tourist sightseeing attractions information

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Erfurt History Overview

This city is often described as being in ‘the heart of Germany’ and for many years it has been the Capital of the Province of Thuringia.The earliest documentation for Erfurt is dated 742 when it was Known as Erphesfurt. By the Middle Ages it was a well known market town It was an important trading town and the crossover point of several international trading routes. In 1349, the Jews of Erfurt were taken from the Ghetto. About 100 were killed and the rest forced out of the city.

It was one of five local towns along the Gera River in Thuringian who specialised in producing and selling flora and the seeds of flora. It was fairly affluent and in 1392 it opened its own university. In 1803 Erfurt became part of Prussia and the university closed 13 years later.

In 1944 when the city was occupied by the Soviets. A year later at the end of WW2 Erfurt fell into the zone of Germany occupied by the Russians and part of the German Democratic Republic. During this time it was designated the capital of the re-established Thuringia State During both world wars Erfurt one of the few German cities that suffered only minor damage. It was rarely targeted in air raids by the Allies. As a result it has several buildings that date back to Medieval times. Most of these buildings can be found in Altstadtit – the Old Town still which is a maze of cobblestone alleys ordained with historic houses, quite a few bridges and churches with high spires. Many of the buildings have very well preserved Baroque and Renaissance facades. It is very easy to spend several hours wandering aimlessly around appreciating this unspoiled quarter.

Today the city has a population of around 200,000 and a rare rural quality about it. Every summer, between March and September the city hosts in Cyriaksburg Park one of Europes largest horticultural called the International Gartenbauaustellung, is held here in the Cyriaksburg Park every year from the end of March to September. Not surpisingly Erfurt is often referred to as the city of flowers and towers.

Sightseeing And Attractions In Erfurt

A legacy of Erfurt’s long history is the architecture that remain to this day. For example there are over 140 Bridges in the main city and one part of the city is named Kleinvenedig(Little Venice).

Erfurt is  the capital city of Thuringia and has a population of about 500,000. Its known as the city of flowers and Towers. Erfurt has a long and illustrious history and part of its legacy is the architecture which is highlighted by the fact that there are over 140 Bridges in the city. Many say that Erfurt is in the very heart of Germany and it may not be the biggest German city but it is steeped in historical and cultural interest. The city has done tremendously well to restore its  Medieval city centre

Prediger Church, Predigerstrasse 4 Erfurt – The Prediger church was the home of Martin Luther when he was a friar. It is a protestant Church which was originally built under the Dominican rule in the 13th century. The original church only became protestant after the reformation.  The Church was used as a Prisoner Of War Camp around the time of 1806 which inevitably lead to some significant damage. The original Church building was constructed between 1340 and 1350.  the Church is home to some spectacular pieces  of religious art work  from 7 different centuries. The Churches’ first organ wasn’t installed until 1567 and was built by German architect Heinrich Compenius Der Altere. Opening hours are  Tues-Sat 10 am till 4 pm and Sunday between  Midday and 4 pm website http://www.predigerkirche.de/

Kramerbrucke  (Merchants Bridge], Erfurt Kramerbrucke 99804 – The Kramerbrucke is a historic bridge which dates back to the 14th century, probably around 1325.  and is host to half a dozen houses.  The bridge itself is made of stone but  there are others like the medieval houses which are made of timber. This Footbridge spans the Breitstorm which is a branch of the Gera River and connects Benediksplatz and Wenigemarkt. It was originally built out of wood and the earliest mention of the bridge came around 1117. In modern day erfurt  there are a whole host of antique and artisan shops which can be found on the Kramer Bridge. The building is seen as one of the main attractions for tourists and is an essential destination whilst vacationing in Erfurt. It has been described as the ”Jewel of Medieval Architecture” website http://www.kraemerbruecke.de/

Cathedral And Church of St Severus, Domstufen 1 99084  Erfurt tel no: 0361-576-960 This medieval Catholic church is seen as being so that it compares even with the finest cathedrals in Rome. It is a Gothic style Church located right next to the majestic Erfurt Cathedral. St Severus with its Romanesque origins is thought to have been built around 1148  as a collegiate church.  Construction on the current building took place in the early 1270’s. The Gothic altars are one of  St Severus’s main attractions. The Monument Tomb of St Severus is the main furnishing, it was carved out of a distinct looking pink sandstone in 1365 by an unknown man dubbed the Master Of St Severus. Opening hours are Mon- Fri 9 am to 5 pm and Saturday 9.30 am till 4.30 am. Sightseeing is free and guided tour is 4 Euro’s per person.website n/a

Erfurt medieval Synagogue  Waggegasse 8 99084 – The Erfurt Synagogue is believed to be the oldest Synagogue still standing in Europe.  It is now utilized as museum and houses Erfurt’s treasure.  The building dates all the way back to the 11th century and most of the Medieval parts have amazingly managed to remain intact.  The old Synagogue was successfully transformed into a Museum in October 2009. The only permanent exhibition is the Erfurt treasure. The Treasure is a collection of jewellery, coins  and Goldsmith’s work which belonged to the Jews and was hidden by them in 1349 during the Black death Progroms. website http://www.alte-synagoge.erfurt.de/jle/de/

Kramerbrucke Fest Erfurt Kramerbrucke 99084 – Each year Erfurt hosts several festivals and carnivals. The Kramerbruckenfest is by far the most popular of these events. It is the largest type of event in Thuringia. The bridge is 18 metres wide and 120  long.  It is incredibly child friendly offering a wide range of Street entertainment including singing and juggling.  The festival is held to celebrate their Kramerbrucke Bridge  and their Spring festival is one of the most joyous carnivals you are ever likely to attend. website  http://www.kraemerbruecke.de/

Kleinvenedig Erfurt [Little Venice or Kleinvenedig as its known to the locals is a scenic setting for relaxation. Many people see Kleinvebdig as a popular spot to have picnics and socialise. This picturesque public Square is open Tuesday 10 am till 2 am. Weds and Friday 11 am till 11 pm and Saturday 4 pm till 1 am, Sunday  11 am till 9 pm and 2 am till 3 am.website n/a

Erfurt Zoo, am ZooPark 1 Erfurt Erfurt Zoo is an impressive site with marsupials, Meerkats,  rhinos and an aquarium filled with colourful and tropical fish. The Zoo possesses 3,000 animals and 420 different species. The zoo has 3 living African Bush elephants.  There is sizeable adventure playground for the kids to enjoy. The Zoo restaurant ”Weinberghaus” is open in winter.   Admission for adults is 7 Euro’s and 3.50 for children, 17.50 for a Family ticket. Opening times are  April till October  9 am till 6 pm and  November to March 10 am till 4 pm.website  http://www.zoopark-erfurt.de/

Augustinerkloster Erfurt  Augustinerstrasse 10 tel no: 0361-576-600  – Iconic reformer Martin Luther lived here from 1505 to 1511.  He was ordained as a Monk here and  read out his first mass. You are welcome to roam the grounds of this historic venue and  attend prayers held by the resident Protestant nuns at  7 am Midday and 6 pm every day except for Tuesday. The guided tours will allow you to visit the Monastery itself, You can view a recreated Luther cell and an exhibit on the Bible’s history and an exhibit chronicling the life and times of Martin Luther in Erfurt. Price for tours is 5 Euro’s for adults and 3 Euro’s for children.  Tours are available at 10 am till Noon and 2 pm till 5 pm Mon-Sat and 11 am 2 pm and 3 pm On Sunday’s.website n/a

Erfurt Theatre Erfurt Theatreplatz 1 99084 – This modern building has been home to the highly talented Theatre Erfurt company and the Philharmonic Orchestra since 2003. The Theatre’s Grand stage section holds up to 800 spectators. Critically acclaimed Opera Waiting for The Barbarians by Phillip Glass premiered here in 2005. Verdi’s renowned Opera Un Ballo In Maschera opened at Erfurt Theatre in 2008 admits  much controversy as it featured completely naked performers wearing of all things, Mickey Mouse masks. The Theatre features many open Air performances in the summer months.  Tickets cost around 40-70 Euro’s. website  http://www.theater-erfurt.de/frontend/index.php

Domplatz, Erfurt 99084 Thuringia – The Domplatz dates back to 1293 and  is a wonderful square located right in the centre of Erfurt. It is where the Erfurt Cathedral is located and they also hold a Market place on most mornings of the week. The Market stalls sell Fruit, German meats, and clothes amongst other things. The Popular Erfurt Christmas Market is held at Domplatz every year. Domplatz is also home to Erfurt’s annual  Oktoberfest celebrations.   Some tourists just see it as the ideal place to relax and socialise and it’s an essential destination for any one visiting Erfurt. website  n/a

Restaurant Guide For Erfurt

Erfurt Bars & Beers With six breweries and countless bars some selling ‘industrial strength beer’ some visitors to Erfurt will like this website

Public Transport In Erfurt The public transport network in Erfurt consists of 6 tram routes 21 city bus the city is linked to other parts of regional bus lines.

The tram network dates from 1894 and is now 63 km long, About 25% of tracks operate amongst normal traffic. The trams and buses operate from about 5am until midnight. Services operate at 10 minute intervals in the peak hours. In the evenings these services generally are every 30 minutes. At night there are night buses which operate on special night only routes. These night services operate every hour.

Erfurt Airport is served by the No. 99 bus which leaves Erfurt bus station which is alongside Erfurts main railway station. Erfurt is well served by DB (German Railways) website especially from Frankfurt and Munich.

Famous People And The City Of Erfurt

Between 1505 and 1511 Martin Luther studied as a monk at the University of Erfurt. He received a bachelor’s and master’s degrees. Erfurt is the birthplace of Johann Sebastian Bach’s father Johann Ambrosius Bach. His parents were married in a small church in Erfurt that still exists on the main square. Sociologist and writer Max Weber was born here in 1864.

The composer Johann Pachelbel was the organist at Prediger Church during which time he composed approximately seventy pieces for organ while in Erfurt. Since 1906 the composer Richard Wetz (1875 -1935) lived in Erfurt and became the leading person in the town’s musical life. Whilst here he wrote three symphonies.

Official Erfurt Tourist Board Info  htp://www.erfurt-tourist-info.de/cms/website.php

 

Erfurt Germany Weather Details:
For a comparative weather forecast please see Leipzig
monthly average and extreme temperatures in Efurt are similiar to the Leipzig data below: :
Temperatures
sun hours per day
Average Daily
Records
Minimum Maximum
Lowest
Highest
January

2

-3
2
-24
13
February
2
-3
3
-23
17
March
4
0
8
-15
22
April
6
4
14
-6
29
May
7
8
19
-3
31
June
8
12
22
5
36
July
7
14
24
7
38
August
7
13
24
6
38
September
6
10
20
1
35
October
4
6
14
-5
27
November
2
2
8
-8
20
December
1
1
4
-21
17
extreme cold
hot
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