European City Guides Europe Country Profiles Travel Information For Visitors + Travel Alerts

Welcome to – the only totally independent free thinking European wide travel site. This site is committed to providing useful travel information information guides for business and tourists visiting cities in Central Eastern Northern Southern Western Europe, the Baltic States Scandinavia and Russia.

We respect your right to privacy by not using cookies and do have a political agenda or want to change your political views or your government. As thousands of our visitors opt to travel independently our editorial is not corrupted to serve advertisers.or sponsors.

Our aim is to provide you with real content – information and advice (where appropriate) on every page rather than pages low on content and mostly populated with images.   This we hope should give you some understanding of the city’s history which are the foundations of life there today and the range of things it offers and you might like to  do whilst there.  It will also help you avoid situations you may not be comfortable with such as visiting badly run zoos where animal welfare is non existent and the animals ‘survive’ n appalling  conditions and  are abused. 

Travelling to other countries is not just fun – it shows you how other people actually live.  Being there often dispels the myths mysteries and prejudices about the society that at the outset of your trip you may have.  Euromost hopes that it can help you discover these things so you appreciate, respect others peoples cultures and their way of life. When you return home  you might adopt some of these things to enhance your life. At the same time if you have when witnessed things like poverty you might appreciate a little more what you have.   

The site also gives information on air rail road & sea travel in Europe.

European City Guides – Europe City Guides:

Currently these guides cover 40 cities in Europe. These guides provide detailed airport and public transport guides for the city and a national country profile page. A sample of general site information is given further down the page. There are city guides for AmsterdamAuschwitz Birkenau Memorial Guide, Barcelona,  (Beijing City Guide) Belgrade ,  Berlin,   Bratislava,  Bucharest,  Budapest,    Chisinau,  Copenhagen,  Dubrovnik, Erfurt, Gdansk, Helsinki Kiev, Krakow, Leipzig, Ljubljana, Minsk, MoscowOsloParisPrague, Reykjavik, RigaRome, St Petersburg, Salzburg , Sarajevo, SkopjeSofia, Srebenica Memorial Guide,  Stockholm, Tallinn, TiranaVatican CityVienna Guide, Vilnius, Warsaw, Zagreb. . 

There Are European Country Profiles For:

Albania, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia, Bulgaria, China, Czech Rep. Denmark,  Estonia,  Finland,  France,  Germany,  Holland, Hungary,  Iceland,  Italy,  Kosovo,  Latvia,  LithuaniaNetherlands,  North Macedonia,   Poland   Romania,   Russia,    Serbia   Slovakia,   Slovenia,,  Sweden,   Ukraine    

Important Note: Some city guides and country profiles include links or the urls of other good travel information sites . However visitors should note that issues such as terrorism crime,  personal safety and tourists traps  and not addressed by promotional sites such as accommodation or tourist board sites.  As most cities have these issues we post this information uncensored! We welcome contributions from visitors  on ant of these issues.  Please see contact us  above. A sample of general site information is given below.

European News Items – Europe Travel Information

On the page – Greece Leans To The Right – British Airways Fined For Data Protection Breach –  Ghost Trial For Accused Of Shooting Down Ukraine Plane – Confidence In Boeing Falls As Wing Problems in New Planes Are Identified – Tourist Buses To Be Banned From The Centre Of Paris – Europe Weather Forecasts

75 Years Since The Liberation Of Auschwitz 2>

December 5th Widespread strike action by workers across France protesting about proposed changes by President Macron to their working conditions their has severely curtailed transport services nationwide. 90% of national and international rail services in France have been withdrawn and 11 metro lines in Paris are shutdown. Around 25% of national and international flights have been cancelled. Ferries and local bus services throughout the country are not operating. 

If the French Government refuse to discuss the workers concerns the current strikes are likely to continue throughout December. Visitors to all French cities should be aware that their journeys to from and in any city may not be possible by road rail and sea.

EU & UK Leaders Agree Outline For Brexit Transition

The leaders of all the governments of the 27 European Union member states and the United Kingdom Government have finally agreed outline terms of the ‘transitional’ deal of Britain’s exit from the EU. The concession by British Premier Boris Johnson on Northern Ireland remaining in the Customs Union which theoretically for the time being at least removes the need for an Irish backstop and upholds the 1998 Good Friday Peace agreement. Whilst unresolved this issue had proved to be the biggest stumbling block over the last three years of the Brexit talks.

The details of the proposed agreement have to be approved the British Parliament and then by approved by the European Parliament. The new deadline given by the European Union for these approvals to be completed by to avoid a no deal Brexit is January 31st 2020.

UK Premier Declares A General Election In A Bid To Have The UK Parliament Approve The Agreement

The concession in the proposed agreement by British Premier Boris Johnson that only Northern Ireland would remain for the time being in the EU Customs Union has been opposed by significant number politicians from all political parties. As, like his predecessor Theresa May, Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party (some of whom themselves do not support the proposed deal) there was no guarantee that the necessary legislation for the deal it would be passed by Parliament if the opposition parties jointly opposed it. Even if it was it approved it could have included amendments to the agreement which would not be acceptable to the European Union.

Premier Johnson claims he is committed to Britain leaving the European Union with or without a transitional deal. He believes that by calling a General Election this policy would be supported by enough of the British electorate to return him and the Conservative Party to power with a majority in Parliament greater than the combined total of seats held by other parties. The General Election will be held on December 12th 2019.

Brexit Air Travel: Scheduled Flights To Europe Over Christmas, The New Year And Early January

Since the announcement of the general election there has been no indication from the European Union or United Kingdom authorities that European air travel at these times will affected by the present situation.

Brexit Air Travel: Flights To Europe From Mid & Late January 2020 May Be Delayed, Cancelled & Cost More

Until the result of the General Election on December 12th is known and a new UK Government is in place it is impossible to predict with any confidence the outcome of current Brexit process. Even when the new government takes power it may struggle to implement it’s Brexit policy if it does not have an outright majority of Parliamentary seats over opposition party’s or at least a strong coalition.

Current indications are that a socialist Labour Party victory is likely to result in a further UK referendum on leaving the EU. If this resulted in a second vote to leave the EU an orderly Brexit with little or no disruption to the journey air passengers. This scenario would though require the EU to extend the present negotiating period until at least June 2020.

A Conservative Party victory would only clarify the situation if it had an outright majority in Parliament and thereby able to get the legislation for last October’s deal approved. Without such a majority the prospect of the UK leaving the EU without a transitional deal would become a real reality as he would not want to hold a second referendum or seek an extension to the January 31st extension date. This could immediately have an adverse affect on air travel.

If the UK leaves  the European Union in a ‘no deal’ scenario  that passenger flights  in the short term between the EU,  Iceland, Liechtenstein,  Norway Switzerland and the UK theoretically should not have to be restricted or cancelled. .  Neither  should passengers in ‘transit’  be affected. 

However delays  to departures may occur to departures if airlines and immigration officers apply more stringent checks on passenger before they board planes.  These  measures might be introduced before January 31st and are most likely to happen  on flights from Central and Eastern Europe to the UK.  You can help minimise these delays and the knock on affect they have on airline schedules by arriving at the check-in 30 minutes earlier than normal. 

The long term consequences  on European air travel after  a ‘no deal’  brexit especially after the Christmas and New Year holidays are far less certain.  If the British pound falls significantly against the euro United Kingdom  destinations may see an increase  in tourism.  Conversely  tourists from the UK find visiting eurozone countries far more costly.    This could result in traditional low cost carriers such as EasyJet and Ryanair who don’t fly around half empty redeploying their aircraft  Such deployments could see some currently scheduled flights to euro-zone countries cancelled and withdrawn  and increased service levels to non euro-zone countries such as Bulgatia, Czech Republic, Romania and Poland increase. 

How Long Will A UK Passport Have To Be Valid For To Enter A EU Country After Brexit?

At the moment the free movement regulations of European Union member states theoretically allow a UK citizen with a valid passport to enter any EU Country plus Iceland, Liechtenstein Norway and Switzerland provided his or her passport is valid for the intended duration of the visit.  These regulations also allow entry to these destinations without a visa. When the UK leaves the European Union these regulations – depending on the terms of the departure – are likely  to cease or change.  

Current expectations of the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office are that UK citizens (adults and children) will have to a passport that is valid for six months or more *** after  the date they enter any European Country and Iceland, Liechtenstein Norway and Switzerland whether the UK leaves with or without a deal.  It is unclear whether any of these countries will additionally require UK citizens to have a visa.   

***Important Note: If your present passport was renewed prior to the expiry of a previous one you may have had extra months added to your current one. For example your passport might be valid for 10 years and 3 months. It is possible that some countries will not count the extra time (3 months) and that they will only accept the passport as being valid for the ten years from the issue date. Thus the extra 3 months will not count towards the 6 months requirement. 

If there is no agreement /  deal at the European Leaders Summit on October 17th & 18th and no extension to the negotiating period beyond 31st October is agreed that some UK Citizen  might have difficulties entering these countries.  This could happen even if they arrive in the country before 31st October  but are not leaving until after that date and their passport is valid for less than six months..

Obviously as the enduring saga of Brexit is so fluid and unpredictable the outcome of the current situation cannot be written and stone making it impossible to predict what Brexit will ultimately mean to UK citizens travelling to Europe. However for accurate factual information and reliable assessments which are very promptly published from Euromost’s experience over the last 15 years the FOC office is second to none.  Thus we recommend if you are considering going to any EU country  in the future or have already made plans to go you check the latest passport information for that country on the FOC Website.

A No Deal Brexit May Stop Free Emergency European Health Cover For UK Citizens In The EU & Vice-Versa

This scheme which members have to register for before they travel is  in the UK known as the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) generally covers members who have accidents abroad or are suddenly taken ill, provided the illness is not the consequence of a medical condition identified prior to travelling.

If the UK leaves the UK without a deal it is likely the current free emergency health scheme European between EU member states will not will – possibly with immediate effect even if the expiry has not been exceeded –  not cover UK citizens in a EU country or an EU citizen in the UK.  It is also likely to result in the cancellation of similar agreements between the UK and  Iceland, Liechtenstein Norway and Switzerland.

If the United Kingdom ceases to participate in the European Health Insurance Scheme  it will be able to discuss setting up a similar exchange or reciprocal arrangement with individual European countries.  As negotiations for such an arrangement will have to take place between the UK  and each country these outcomes could take some considerable time.  Current UK Government advice is that anyone from the UK travelling to Europe should take out personal health insurance before travelling.  

A good information source on this subject and related issues can be found on this link: UK’s NHS website

The UK Supreme Court Rules That Premier Johnson’s Extended Shutdown Of British Parliament Is Unlawful

Following two legal actions in English and Scottish Courts that questioned whether it was constitutionally appropriate for  Boris Johnson to shutdown (prorogue) the British Parliament for five weeks the UK Supreme Court has ruled that the shutdown was unlawful.   The closure was instigated by the government on the grounds that it was going to close a two year session of the present parliament and introduce a new session which would begin with a Queens Speech in October. The opening of the new session would as is customary begin  with  a speech by the Queen  outlining the governments planned legislation for the new session, These speeches normally take five to six days to structure and write.  Critics of this decision argued that the shutdown denied MPs the right to question,debate and vote on the governments plans and policy  for five weeks of the the remaining 7.5 weeks  before the present 31st October deadline set to determine the UK future relationship with the EU.  The government denied that the extended shutdown was orchestrated to prevent parliamentary scrutiny. when it advised the Queen and her commissioners to close the present session. 

The issue before the court was whether the advice given to the Queen was lawful?   In its judgement the Supreme Court stated:

” Let us remind ourselves of the foundations of our constitution. We live in a representative democracy. The House of Commons exists because the people have elected its members. The Government is not directly elected by the people (unlike the position in some other democracies). The Government exists because it has the confidence of the House of Commons. It has no democratic legitimacy other than that. This means that it is accountable to the House of Commons – and indeed to the House of Lords – for its actions, remembering always that the actual task of governing is for the executive and not for Parliament or the courts. The first question, therefore, is whether the Prime Minister’s action had the effect of frustrating or preventing the constitutional role of Parliament in holding the government to account. The answer is that of course it did. This was not a normal prorogation in the run-up to a Queen’s Speech. It prevented Parliament from carrying out its constitutional role. for five out of a possible eight weeks between the end of the summer recess and exit day on the 31st October. Parliament might have decided to go into recess for the party conferences during some of that period but, given the extraordinary situation in which the United Kingdom finds itself, its members might have thought that parliamentary scrutiny of government activity in the run-up to exit y was more important and declined to do so, or at least they might have curtailed the normal conference season recess because of that. Even if they had agreed to go into recess for the usual three-week period, they would still have been able to perform their function of holding the government to account. Prorogation means that they cannot do that.

Such an interruption in the process of responsible government might not matter in some circumstances. But the circumstances here were, as already explained, quite exceptional. A  fundamental change was due to take place in the Constitution of the United Kingdom on 31st October 2019. Whether or not this is a
good thing is not for this or any other court to judge. The people have decided that. But that Parliament, and in particular the House of Commons as the democratically elected representatives of the people, has a right to have a voice in how that change comes about is indisputable as the House of Commons has already demonstrated, by its motions against leaving without an agreement and by the European Union Withdrawal) (No 2) Act 2019, that it does not support the Prime Minister on the critical issue for his Government at this time and that it is especially important that he be ready to face the House of Commons.

The next question is whether there is a reasonable justification for taking action which had such an extreme effect upon the fundamentals of our democracy. Of course, the Government must be accorded a great deal of latitude in making decisions of this nature. We are not concerned with the Prime Minister’s motive in
doing what he did. We are concerned with whether there was a reason for him to do it. It will be apparent from the documents quoted earlier that no reason was given. or closing down Parliament for five weeks. Everything was focused on the need for a new Queen’s Speech and the reasons for holding that in the week beginning the 14th October rather than the previous week. But why did that need a prorogation of five weeks?

It is impossible for us to conclude, on the evidence which has been put before us, that there was any reason – let alone a good reason – to advise Her Majesty to prorogue Parliament for five weeks, from 9th or 12th September until 14th October.  We cannot speculate, in the absence of further evidence, upon what such reasons might have been. It follows that the decision was unlawful.” On 25/09/19 Parliament reopened.

 Boris’s Brexit Dilemma

British Premier Boris Johnson’s  option of the UK leaving the European Union without a deal is diminishing as members of the British Parliament in the House of Commons vote to legislate against the no deal scenario.  The motion to outlaw outlaw a no deal scenario was approved by 328 MPs against 301 who opposed it.  The MPs also voted down a government bill to hold a General  Election which under the UK  Fixed Term Parliament Act is scheduled to sit until 2022.  Combined these two votes mean that it would be ‘constitutionally’  illegal for the British Premier to take the UK out of the EU without a deal ratified by the UK Parliament. This will not happen as the majority of MPs  are opposed to a no deal Brexit and that majority is likely to be sustained without a general election. The only avenue open for a general election is for opponents of the government successfully holding a vote of ‘no confidence’ in the government which is unlikely to happen until after the 31st October deadline for the current EU- UK Brexit negotiations on a transitional deal.

Taken together all these factors mean that Boris Johnson either has to agree a deal with the EU before October 31st or ask the EU to a second extension to the negotiating period.  Any extension could then be used by opposition parties to hold a general election in an attempt to remove his government from power. 

Denmark Rejects Trump’s ‘Absurd’ Bid For Greenland

Mr Trump who recently confirmed that he was interested in buying Greenland from Denmark or trading it for a US territory for the country has had his idea thwarted by the Danish Premier Ms Frederiksen who said rejected the proposal and described it as absurd. In a media statement Ms Frederiksen added that Greenland’s leader Kim Kielsen “had clearly rejected the idea. ”

The Danish rejection of the proposal which President Trump described  as “Essentially it’s a large real estate deal. ” prompted Donald Trump to cancel a visit to Denmark in September.  He had been invited by the Danish Queen Margrethe 11.  However Ms Frederiksen said plans for the visit were very advanced and that the invitation remains open. 

The attraction to Greenland to the US which has a population of under 60,000 people is it mineral resources which include coal copper iron ore and zinc. It also is fast becoming due to the melting of the polar ice cap an area close to key Artic shipping routes from northern Europe and the US.

That said it currently depends on subsidies from Denmark for over 60% of its annual budget.  It reportedly has one of the highest suicide rates in the world (estimated to be 83 deaths in every 100,000) with levels of alcoholism and unemployment also very high. 

Ryanair & BA Pilots Suspend Strike Action

Following recent strike action in separate disputes by Balpa pilots employed by British Airways and Ryanair local divisions of the pilots union has announced they will suspend for plans for further strikes in-order to allow discussions to resolve the dispute to continue. 

Britain Braced For Brexit Battle Battering As Boris’s  Brazen Banter Bellows At Brussels 

Ever since the Conservative Prime minster Edward Heath  took the UK  into the European Economic Community (often refereed to since  as the Common Market ) in 1973 support for British  membership thereof  has varied.  In 1975 a referendum on whether the UK should remain in the EEC was supported by just over 67% of voters with the leave n vote nearly 33%  By  the 2016 referendum the leave voters gained 52% of the voters and support to remain had fallen to 48%.  
It is widely argued that the roots of the British electorate  increasing discontent with  its relationship with Europe is attributable to the 1992 Maastricht Treaty.that increased the powers of the EEC and the organisations name to the European Union (EU over the then twelve member states.  The signing of this treaty by the Conservative Prime Minister John Major increased the dissenters in his own party (who he referred to as ‘the bastards’ ) and a series of amendments to the treaty since have added to the number of euro-skeptics in the party campaigning for Britain to leave the EU.  As a result of the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty Nigel Farage who had been a member of the Conservative Party since 1978 left the party and established the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP).He was elected as a Member of the European Parliament he disapproved of four times for five year terms between 1999 and 2014. During this time he was leader of UKIP twice and this year he became leader of it offspring the Brexit Party. 
With hindsight where we are now is a classic example of how power corrupts the morality of those empowered with it. Successive governments of  the left and right for over two decades avoided holding a second referendum on whether Britain should remain in the EU. However the increasing popularity with the electorate for UKIP and the divisions over Europe in the the Conservative Party forced its leader and British Prime Minster to commit his government in the 2015 election to holding a second referendum. 
After winning the election on a reduced majority he tried to renegotiate aspects of the UK’ s relationship (particularly  immigration and the free movement of labour) with the EU. The outcome of these talks was not conclusive let alone radical with many Brexiteers arguing that David Cameron handled the negotiations badly and that the outcome at best was a temporary fudge resulting in the can being kicked down the road.  This scenario fueled the support for Britain leaving the EU particularly amongst those with nationalist and or racist views.  In the run up to the June 2016 referendum were inadequate. or misleading.  Campaigners in the ‘Remain’ camp  who thought they would win comfortably were complacent and failed to convince the undecided of the economic and social costs of leaving the EU.  The ‘Leave’ campaigners   exaggerated the economic benefits and savings of leaving the EU.   The ‘Leave’ campaign in which Boris Johnson was a major player won the referendum with 52% of the vote against 48% for the ‘Remain’ campaign. 
Boris Johnson had spent months deciding whether he was going to be a ‘remain’ or  ‘leave’ campaigner before opting for the eventual winners – the.leave brigade.  His instinct is to be and be seen as a populist  politician in order to realise his life long ambitions for power  which some people believe are a stronger motivation than his political. convictions. The referendum result gave Boris Johnson the populist exposure he relished and he was a step closer to the political power he sought.  
When David Cameron resigned the day after the 2016  referendum because he had no ministerial experience (arguably not a vote winner amongst Conservative MPs) he shrewdly decided not to put on hold his personal aspirations to become  his party;s leader and British premier.  The new premier Theresa May rewarded him by making him Secretary Of State For Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs,  A year later her credibility within her party fell dramatically when she held a General Election with a campaign constructed in part on a vitriolic fear and hate of  the opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn. The British electorate thought differently and she lost her overall majority but remained in power after buying the votes of Ulster Unionists. 
The door was now open for Johnson to replace her.and slowly slowly his political allies promoted him as the person who come what may would  honour the result of the referendum – a prerequisite that many voters from all political spectrum’s believed in..  His position was further strengthened by Conservative MPs and their party membership that this stance and his brash flamboyant and sometimes accident prone demeanor would make him and their party more electable than the Corbyn led labour party.  In the leadership election that followed Theresa Mays resignation he received the support of  66% of the Conservative Party membership. A resounding victory on paper even though that that membership is only 0.25% of voters eligible to vote in the UK. This effectively means that  he has been elected by 1 in 500 registered UK  voters. 
The Boris banter has worked  for now in the UK – he could in theory remain in power for just under three years. However his credibility and survival will depend on whether he manages to agree the terms of Brexit before Halloween night. on 31st October. For that to happen he will have to ameliorate the banter that he would have the British people believe he intends to conduct  negotiations with in discussions with EU, There can be little doubt that he like his presidential friend in the USA will be no shortage of Banter initially. but it could be his and his perty’s downfall. That downfall  may even more inevitable if he decides that  the UK should leave the EU without an orderly deal and it leads to an economic catastrophe – but that would surprise none in the UK or elsewhere given his reputation for not paying attention to detail. 
.Editorial  Comment :  Bellow Boris if you must but its better to bat for Britain before your party or yourself. 

Europe Weather This Week

Iceland and the most northerly regions of Scandinavia will have temperatures close to freezing even during the day  with some wintry showers and night frosts.   Most of northern, northwestern and western Europe will be unsettled with variable cloud and occasional showers followed by sunny  intervals.  Daytime  temperatures will be close to the mid teens.   

Central Europe and be dryer with more sunshine and temperatures generally in the upper teens and higher in places. Eastern and South Eastern Europe will be warm with prolonged sunny periods and temperatures in the low to mid 20’s.  Southern Europe will have similar temperatures but more cloud which may thicken at times to give rain or thunderstorms in places close to the Med. 

BA May Be Fined £183m For Data Protection Breach

British Airways has been advised that it is liable for a penalty fine of £183m imposed on them by the UK’s Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) following their investigation into BA’s failure to protect the personal data of customers in the summer  last year.   The data protection breach according to BA occurred  to transactions between  August 21st and September 5th 2018 and resulted in the banking and credit card details including the 3 digit security code being accessed by hackers. Customers names and addresses were also revealed. In October last tear BA said the data breach involved 186,000 people.

The full  details of the hacking have not been made made public but the investigation by of the ICO found that the breach began in June 2018 and said the it affected around 500,000 people who’s details  were harvested by the attackers. when BA customers were diverted to a fraudulent website. The ICO have said that British Airways BA had co-operated with their investigation and as a result have made improvements to its security procedures. British Airways have until August 5th to respond to the penalty being sought.

The previous highest penalty imposed on a company for breaching data protection of customers personal details was imposed on Facebook who were fined the maximum possible penalty of £500,00 under the 1998 Data Protection Act.  This proposed BA fine is made under the 2018 GDPR Act which allows for penalties equivalent of  up to 4% of annual turnover provided they do not exceed £20m. If the fine is applied to British Airways it would be equivalent to 1.7% of their most recent annual turnover. 

Ghost Trial For Those Who Shot Down Ukraine Plane 

International prosecutors based in the Netherlands have began st criminal proceedings against four suspects thought to have shot down the Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 on the Russia-Ukraine border five years ago..  Three of the suspects are Russian nationals and one a pro Russian Ukrainian in the east of thew Ukraine that is under Russian control. 

None of the suspects  are expected to  attend the trial when it begins as Russia which denies involvement in the shooting down of the plane does not extradite citizens charged with offences outside Russia. 

After 2 Crashes Confidence In Boeing Aircraft Falls Again As Wing Problems Are Found In Some 737’s

In March aviation authorities world wide grounded the Boeing 737 Max 8 and and Max 9 jet aircraft due to safety concerns about an ant-stalling computer program  in the aircraft .  The program is though to have contributed to two fatal crashes in five months shortly after takeoff in five months.  The first crash last October occured shortly after take-off on a a Lion Air flight Jakarta, Indonesia, killed all 189 people on board. The second on March 10th shortly after take-off an Ethiopian Airlines flight from Addis Ababa,  crashed killing all 157 people on board.  All planes of  the same models are expected to remain grounded until at least August .

At the beginning of June Boring revealed that some of these models and some other 737  models were fitted with non-compliant wing slats.  Wing slats are metal pieces that help lift a plane by moving along a metal track.    In a statement Boring said “Boeing is working with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and has contacted 737 operators advising them to inspect the slat track assemblies on certain airplanes,”  The statement continued  ‘“One batch of slat tracks with specific lot numbers produced by a supplier was found to have a potential non-onformance. If operators find the parts in question, they are to replace them with new ones before returning the airplane to service.”  Some commentators estimate the wing slat issue  affects just over three hundred planes.

Heathrow To Speed Up Luggage Security Checks

Heathrow Airport is to invest g £50m in computer tomography (CT) security scanners,  over the next few years to check the cabin hand luggage of passengers.  This technology which is similar to hospital CT scanners will provide security staff with a very clear image of  a bag’s contents.    As the images will  visible in 3D staff will be able to rotate them and dissect them.  This technology which is available at some airports in America and Europe will enable passengers to keep liquids and laptops inside their carry-on bags which will speed up security checks. 

Heathrow chief operations officer, Chris Garton, said: “This cutting-edge kit will not only keep the airport safe with the latest technology, but will mean that our future passengers can keep their focus on getting on with their journeys and less time preparing for security screening.”  Luton Airport is also to trial the technology.

Cruise Ship Captain Charged And Bailed After 28 Tourists Die in May Danube River Tour Boat Tragedy

A Budapest court has released on bail the Ukrainian cruise ship captain who Hungarian authorities believe was responsible its collision on May 30th  collision with a sightseeing boat on the Danube River in Budapest. The Capital City Court said the captain who was formally arrested on June 7th bail has been fixed at 15 million Hungarian Forints (circa 46,00 euros) cannot leave Budapest and must wear an electronic-tracking device.  He was arrested in Budapest on June 7, suspected of endangering water transport leading to a deadly mass accident. If he is convicted he could be imprisoned for between 2-8 years

Twenty eight Korean tourists and two Hungarian boat crew drowned in the incident when their river tour boat sunk  in the Danube in central Budapest.  The 40 ton boat had been hit by a 1000 ton cruise ship steamer that was overtaking it as the vessels passed under the bridge. The tour boat keeled over and sunk in less than ten  seconds.  Seven  tourists were rescued.  

European Union Election Results Challenge The Monopoly Of The Status Quo

The long-standing monopoly on the economic and political agendas of the European Union by the centralist socialist and conservative parties in the 751 seat European Parliament has ended until 2024 at least. Reduced support for both of these parties in the elections fell markedly.  The centre -right conservative group (EPP) seats fell from 222 to 180 socialists and democrats group (S&D) seats down from 184 to 140.   This means that together they can no longer manipulate the agendas of the parliament without the cooperation of smaller parties such as the liberals and the greens. The liberals (ALDE) increased their representation from 57 seats to 109 and the greens (EFA) rose from 50 – 69. 

Editorial Comment

Latest Brexit Travel Information Travel arrangements by air, rail and sea between the UK AND Europe will inevitably change after Brexit which is currently expected to be on March 29th. The changes will be more significant and immediate if there is no transitional agreement (ie a hard brexit) about future relations between the UK and the European Union. Please see the Brexit Travel Information and news page. >>>

A Radical Brexit Solution With No Irish Backstop!  The deadlock in the UK Parliament on agreeing how the UK should leave the European Union is not necessary if the politicians and power brokers on both sides think outside the box, come to a democratic Brexit deal which honours the 2016 referendum result and the wishes of the UK electorate without the need for an Irish backstop or another referendum – full details  Ukraine Presidential Election Rejects The Old School ! TheThe aviation authorities in the United States and Canada have fallen in line with counterparts in European and across the world and grounded the Boeing 737 Max 8 and and Max 9 jet aircraft.  Concerns about the safety of these has arisen following two of them crashing in five months. The first crash last October occured shortly after take-off on a a Lion Air flight Jakarta, Indonesia, killed all 189 people on board.  On March 10th shortly after take-off an Ethiopian Airlines flight from Addis Ababa,  crashed killing all 157 people on board.  The model of planes on both flights was  the Boeing 737 Max 8.  Ukrainian Presidential Election has been won by a political novice who has never held public office.  Volodymyr Zelensky defeated the former president Petro Poroshenko a former lawyer turned actor and comedian with the support of  3 out of every vote cast.  Mr Zelensky who has over 4 million followers on instagram is thought to have become a millionaire from the proceeds of his role in a satirical television series ‘Servant of the People’ .  In the series he plays the part of a man who inadvertently becomes the president of the Ukraine.  

During the presidential campaign his critics portrayed him as a man who had little or no political substance which coupled with his never holding ‘public office’ any made him unfit for the presidency.   These criticisms were overwhelmingly rejected by nearly 75% of the  Ukrainian electorate who have seen their country run by politicians who over the last two decades have changed their political allegiances and policies for their own personal gains.  When his victory was confirmed Mr Zelensky told supporters “I will never let you down,”  whether this true or not only time will tell.  The defeated former President Mr Poroshenko,  has said he will not stand down from politics.. 

Resurrection Of Notre Dame Cathedral Ascends €1bn

The fund to repair the fire damaged 850 year old Notre Dame Cathedral has exceeded over 1 billion euros. Though the structure of the building is mainly stone and stable the fire on 15th April caused the 180 year old spire to collapse and most of the cathedrals wooden roof on which it rested was consumed by flames.  The Cathedral which is  the no.1 tourist attraction in France with an estimated 30 million visitors annually. The aim  according to  French leader President Macron should be to complete all the repairs within five years to ensure that Cathedral would reopen just before the 2024 Summer Olympics in Paris. 

In the meanwhile as the Cathedral  will remain closed it’s rector Bishop Patrick Chauvet has been given permission to erect a temporary building in front of the landmark so the parishioners that until the fire worshiped there  can continue to attend services.      

Tourist Buses/Coaches To Be Banned In Central Paris

Emmanuel Gregoire, the deputy mayor of Paris, has announced that the city’s civic authority aims to ban tourist buses from the centre of  Paris.  Currently the main attractions and monuments in Central Paris are linked by numerous shuttle services aboard hop on and hop off double decker buses. along with tourist coaches from all over Europe.  The ban will come into effect under new powers being given by the French Government to local authorities to regulate traffic locally.  France is reportedly one of the most popular countries for tourists worldwide with visitors to Paris alone last year up over 4% to 50 million.  

Emmanuel Gregoire acknowledges that the congestion and pollution caused by these buses and coaches is not as severe as in other European cities such as Barcelona and Venice,  However he says highlighting the increasing concerns of many indigenous Parisians.  He and other civic leaders in the city expect the ban to encourage visitors to use cheaper public transport,  rented cycles, electric scooters or walk.  Gregorio  saidc that these options were environmentally friendly mobility and it was time to make that change as it was needed.

Ongoing Travel Alerts  & Warnings For Europe:

The Ukraine: Politically unstable state  where violent demonstrations can occur anywhere.  In the east and south of the country pro-Russian separatists are fighting a civil war with Ukrainian Government Forces particularly in the Donetsk and Lugansk Regions.  Also best avoided are the  Kharkiv Region and the cities of Dnipropetrovsk Mykolayviv & Odessa.  More 

The Crimea:  Formerly  Ukrainian province under Russian control since March 2014 . Many western governments advise their avoid this country/ More

Other Advice: There also is important advice for visitors to other European Countries and cities plus advice for that visitors intending to visit Moldova Chisinau and Transnistraq should consider. More.

Macedonia Renamed As ‘North Macedonia’

A 28 year dispute between Greece and Macedonia came to an end on January 25th when the Greek Parliament voted by 153 votes to 146 votes (with 1 abstention) for it’s northern neighbour Macedonia to be renamed North Macedonia’. The dispute began in 1991 with the break up of the former Yugoslavia when the area now known as Macedonia declared it’s independence from Belgrade.  The declaration offended many Greeks who felt that the new state was staking a claim on Greek territory with same name.

In June 2018 the Greek and Macedonian prime ministers  agreed the new name for the province. The Macedonian Parliament has ratified the agreement and the Greek Parliament is expected to do so this week.  The end of the dispute between the two countries  paves the way for progressing Macedonian aspirations to become an EU member state and joining of NATO.   

Hungary Steps Up It’s Hostile Immigration Policy

The Hungarian Government is opt out of a proposed United Nations migration pact as it believes the accord will pose a threat to the world.  Hungary’s foreign minister Péter Szijjártó said in an interview to Euronews that the text of the pact  text was “biased and unbalanced” and “tries to portray migration as something good by definition and as a fundamental human right, which it is not.”

In an interview with Euronews, Hungary’s foreign minister Péter Szijjártó said his country was leaving talks to make a pact because the text was “biased and unbalanced” and “tries to portray migration as something good by definition and as a fundamental human right, which it is not.”  Hungary’s right wing government is  openly hostile to refugees and the willingness of the majority of EU  countries to provide support for those who arrive in Europe.   In 2015 the Hungarian Government erected metal fence along its southern and eastern borders to stop refugees and migrants entering Hungary.

The Hungarian exit from the UN accord mirrors President Trumps decision in 2017  not to take part in it.


It always advisable before leaving for any airport to check with the airport website that flights are taking off and landing normally. This obviously would apply if your airport has had problems such as drone attacks or if your airport or airline is experiencing operational problems such as adverse weather or industrial action.

The problems at Gatwick Airport  have been determined by the Civil Aviation Authority (CIA) as an extraordinary situation which is beyond the control or responsibility of airlines. This means you cannot claim compensation from the airline. You may where delays are over three hours submit claims with receipts for  for ‘reasonable’ expenses such as food, drink and hotel expenses to your airline but because of the CIA ruling some airlines may contest their obligation to pay.

If your flight is cancelled you are entitled to a full refund.  Alternatively you can accept the offer of an alternative flight with the same airline.  Your airline may also offer to book you a seat on another airline. Either way if the alternative flight is more expensive than the one your booked your airline will cover the difference in the cost.

Site Information:

Overview of Main Euromost European Features:

Features Index A list of all the useful supplementary features not on this page! more

For a list / index of euromost European City Guides  and European  Country Profiles please see links above.

Auschwitz Birkenau Travel Guide This guide contain  special travel advice and information for those going to visit  the Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camps more

Advice For Women Travellers As an increasing number of women go solo this article focuses on culturally inappropriate clothing, unwanted male attention, personal issues, date rape and how these pitfalls can be avoided. more

Air Travel Guide This extensive links to every euromost air travel feature including the airport guides in the UK and the rest of Europe which include links to the flight arrivals and flight departures boards, new airline routes, air security pages for Europe and the US, , the black listed airlines guide, flying  phobia and individual airline information pages, air travel news in which we may very occasionally publish special offers and cheap flights if they are genuinely cheap more

Cabin Luggage Information Feature That  clarifies what you can and can’t take into the aircraft cabin and the maximum dimension of the bag or case more

Clubbing Guides For Europe The European clubbing guide features a clubbing guide for clubs in most European capitals with club reviews and information on the music another the admission and drink prices including the rip off ones!  more

Coach Services In Europe The coach travel section of euromost includes details on European Coach Networks & Services across Europe  There also is information on European coach tours in central and Eastern Europe more

Consulate Information For Europe Contact information for European embassies and consulates in London. These consulates can answer specific questions visitors from Britain may have about a proposed trip to their country or provide  assistance and advice to their own nationals in the UK more

Cruises in Europex Our European Cruise guide includes information on cruises in the Arctic in and around the North Pole, the Norwegian Fjords, The Baltic States, the East Med & West Med and on the River Danube and The Rhine. – many of which once only the playground for the rich – cruises are now within the reach of us all. more

Emergency Medical Help Assistance For Eu Citizens The European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) is FREELY available free to all citizen over the age of 16 who are nationals national citizens of all  European Union Member States It is also accepted in Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. Holders of this card are entitled to the same  freeemergency treatment that they would receive at home more

European Airport Guides These are posted individually and linked with a relevant city guide. They include essential airport information and live links to the home page, flight arrivals & flight departure boards of the airport. There are also over 100 links to smaller airports across Europe. more

European City Guides In the euromost collection there are 40 Europe city guides all with have information on the city’s history public transport sightseeing attractions restaurants clubs nightlife and accommodation.  Most popular cities guides are shown in red        

Europe Country Profiles: These contain information on the respective country’s economy currency population and recent history. Where relevant there is additional info on local travel including by air and road, important health issues such as risks of drinking local tap water and the country’s susceptibility to earthquakes or tremors. These country profiles are attached to the relevant city guides.

The 31 european country profiles are Albania Austria Belarus Bosnia Bulgaria China Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Holland Hungary Iceland Italy  Kosovo Latvia Lithuania Macedonia Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russia Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Sweden & the Ukraine. full index

Rail Services In Europe The European rail guide includes travel pages offering  general information on European rail Networks & Services across Europe iand features on the Orient Express & the Trans Siberian Express  more


The attempted murder using a nerve agent in and English town of a former Russian  Spy (who was also a double agent)  left him, his daughter and a police officer seriously ill and endangered hundreds of innocent citizens.  The subsequent allegations of who was responsible for this has  heightened the already strained political tensions between Russia and the UK with both countries expelling diplomats of the other from their own. The extensive media coverage in both countries has portrayed the other country in a very bad light. Consequently visitors from the UK and Europe to Russia, and vice versa, may not feel entirely comfortable or safe when travelling around.

Currently there is no indication that tourists from  either country would be attacked on their visit because of recent events or because they were Russian or English speaking.  The citizens of both countries are peaceful, civil, law abiding, appreciate the importance of tourism and do not want a Cold War. Thus the political views and rhetoric of Theresa May or Vladimir Putin what ever their strengths and weaknesses maybe are extremely unlikely to translate into violence.

The British Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London have issued the following statement for British nationals currently in Russia or due to travel in the coming weeks;   ”’ due to heightened political tensions between the UK and Russia, you should be aware of the possibility of anti-British sentiment or harassment at this time; you’re advised to remain vigilant, avoid any protests or demonstrations and avoid commenting publically on political developments; while the British Embassy in Moscow is not aware of any increased difficulties for British people travelling in Russia at this time, you should follow the security and political situation closely and keep up to date with this travel advice”.

If you’re in Russia and you need urgent help (call 007 495 956 7200 or 007 812 320 3200 if you’re in North-West Russia. If you cannot connect to this number, please call +44 1908 516666. If you’re in the UK and worried about a British national in Russia, call 020 7008 1500.

If you are a Russian Federation national in the UK and you need urgent help contact the Russian Embassy at 6/7 Kensington Palace Gardens, London, W8 4QP. Tel: +44 (0) 20 7229 6412.  Or go to their website   You can also contact their Consular Office on +44 (0) 203 668 7474


If you a national or naturalised citizen of any country in the the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland you can apply to your government for a free European  Health Insurance Card. If you are taken ill or injured in any country who is a member of the above organisations and can produce this card when admitted to hospital  for emergency medical help and not charged for the treatment.

The European Health Insurance Card is only valid for people with medical emergencies who have been taken ill – have had an accident – or who have been a victim of crime or terrorism.The scheme does not cover people with problems from an existing conditions – dentistry or cosmetic surgeries. Neither does it cover the cost  of repatriating the card holder back to their home country.

In some countries it may not cover the cost of treatment after an accident in a dangerous sport such as bungee jumping or  skiing.   You should consider taking out travel insurance to cover you for these and other issues – but read the small print and make sure you understand what your liability is and the excess levels are before signing up ! more.

European Country Profiles

Travel guides with business and tourist Information For Central Eastern Northern Southern and Western Europe, the Baltic States Scandinavia and Russia.   


if you a national or naturalised citizen of any country in the the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland you can apply to your government for a free European  Health Insurance Card. If you are taken ill or injured in any country who is a member of the above organisations and can produce this card when admitted to hospital  for emergency medical help and not charged for the treatment+.

The European Health Insurance Card is only valid for people with medical emergencies who have been taken ill – have had an accident – or who have been a victim of crime or terrorism.
+The scheme does not cover people with problems from an existing conditions – dentistry or cosmetic surgeries. Neither does it cover the cost  of repatriating the card holder back to their home country. In some countries it may not cover the cost of treatment after an accident in a dangerous sport such as bungee jumping or  skiing.   You should consider taking out travel insurance to cover you for these and other issues – but read the small print and make sure you understand what your liability is and the excess levels are before signing up ! more





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