Lithuania Country Profile Travel Guide Business Information

Lithuania Country Profile Travel Guide Business Information

Lithuanian population Lithuania religion Lithuania history Lithuania economy Lithuania currency Lithuania road travel & other Lithuanian national information

Related pages  Contact the Lithuanian Consulate / Vilnius Visitors Guide


Lithuania Country Profile

Lithuania History

From the end of the 18th century until 1940 Lithuania was an independent state. It was occupied for a year by the Russian Army and then in 1941 Nazi Germany who committed atrocities against its Jewish communities. In 1944 the Russian Army forced the Nazis out of Lithuania and installed a Communist government that ran the country as a Russian province under the directions of Moscow.

This status was maintained for the next 40 years until Mikhail Gorbachev’s presidency in Russia in the late 80s enabled political reform groups and pro- independence groups to voice their opinions. In January 1991 some Russian troops stormed the Vilnius TV station killing 13 people and injuring many others. This In was intend to destablise the liberal political situation but by August 1991, as a consequence of the changing political climate in Moscow, Lithuania declared its Independence. . For the history of Vilnius see the Vilnius City Guide.

Curonian Spit & Kaliningrad Visitors in the Curonian Spit should note that parts of the Spit are in the Russian territory of Kaliningrad. Lithuania Population The Capital of Lithuania, Vilnius is home to a population of 580,000 out of a total national population of 3.7m. 81% of the population are Lithuanian, 9% Russian, Latvian, 7% Polish and 2% Belarussian. Lithuania Religion The main religion is Roman Catholic but an accurate breakdown in this area is not available. Lithuanian Language The official language is Lithuanian with Russian spoken in some areas.

Lithuania Currency The unit of currency is the Litas. Travellers cheques are not widely accepted even at banks. Irish and Scottish bank notes are not accepted anywhere in Lithuania. Lithuania Currency Regulations Visitors entering or leaving Lithuania with cash in any currency which exceeds 10,000€, must declare it to customs officials.

Lithuania – Economy Business

In the early 1990s the Lithuanian economy went into recession due to the unstable economy in Russia. By the late 90’s 20% of Lithuania total export market most of which was destined for Russia had been lost. A concerted effort to replace these losses with exports to the European Union has enabled the Lithuanian economy to recover. Now the country has an annual growth rate of around 7% and inflation of 1%. Unemployment is around 11%.

Lithuania major industries are textiles, oil, timber and farming produce. Its major trading partners are the EU – in particular Germany, Sweden, Denmark and the UK

Lithuania Tourism

Though Latvia has been a fairly popular destination for tourists from Scandinavia for some years, its Tourist industry is not as big as its neighbours. The industry is beginning to develop at a noticeably faster pace since the Latvia joined the European Union in 2004 and the subsequent choice by airlines of Vilnius as a low cost destination from Western Europe. Kaunas and Vilnius are now popular low cost airline destinations

Lithuania Drug Laws

In Latvia there is zero tolerance of drug taking. If you are found to be in possession of drugs however small the quantity and even if it is only for your own personal use Penalties include fine and imprisonment and can be severe.

Medical Precautions

If you are going to forested areas take medical advice about inoculations against rabies & tick-borne encephalitis.

Emergency Medical Treatment In Lithuania

Lithuania has a good standard of health care and has a free emergency medical treatment agreement for UK nationals. more details.

Valid Passports Note

A passport has to be valid for six months when you enter Lithuania and at least three months after the date you intend to leave Lithuania. If your passport does not meet this criteria you will turned back by Lithuania customs. Some airlines will refuse to allow you board flights to Lithuania if they realise you have a passport not meeting this requirement.

EU Visitors intending to live and work in Lithuania for a period longer than three months MUST apply for an EC Residence Permit from the Migration Department under the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Lithuania For links with more information on Lithuanian passport and visa requirements see also the euromost consulate


Soviet Sculpture Gardens – Grutas Park – Stalin World

This attraction (?) is situated 120 km southwest of Vilnius on the A4 highway near the town of Drusinikai, (Tel (370 82 33 555 11). This strange and very controversial establishment has been described as where Mickey Mouse meets Stalin. It a a 30 hectacre site surrounded by barbed wire and guard towers.

Inside are 65 statues od leading former Soviet Union Communist Party members including Lenin and Stalin. Though not directly pro the old Soviet Communist Party it has offended many Lithuanians as it understates the atrocities and punitive experience of Lithuania under communism. The fact that it is combined with an amusement park and the owner readily admits he relishes any publicity however good or bad has offended many people who nicknamed it Stalin World.

Travelling In Lithuania

Lithuanian Road Travel

UK & other EU driving licence’s without a photo must be supported by a passport or international driving licence whenever you are driving.

To enter Lithuania you must have your original car registration documentation and proof of you insurance cover whilst in Lithuania. Without either of these you will be turned back at the border. You should take special care not to loose the car registration documentation because your car will be confiscated if you do not have it with you when leave Lithuania.

Road conditions in Lithuania but driving standards are poor and road accidents are very common. Roads are poorly lit at night if lit at all. Speed limits are generally 50km/h in towns, 90km/h on country roads and 110km/h on motorways. Headlights must dipped at all times.

Do not drink and drive as Lithuania does not tolerate drink driving. Offenders are liable to be imprisoned

From November until April your cars must be fitted with winter tyres. During the winter Lithuania can suffer very severe weather conditions with extremely cold temperatures (see the Vilnius City Guide) and heavy snow. Motorists travelling in Lithuania during the winter are advised to check the weather forecast and road conditions before setting out . They are also advised to carry mobile phones for use in an emergency along with supplies of food and warm drinks especially if going on a long journey.

Cautionary Note

You are advised to and park your car in a secured car park or garage wherever possible as car theft and theft from cars is a problem in Lithuania.



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