Romania Country Profile Travel Guide Business Information

Romania Country Profile Travel Guide Business Information

Business & Tourist Travel Information

Romania population Romania religion Romania history Romania economy Romania currency Romania road travel & other useful Romania national information

Related pages  Contact the Romanian Consulate / Bucharest Visitors Guide

Romania Real Estate / Property

Romania Country Profile

Romania Population The Capital of Romania is Bucharest with a population of 2 million out of a national population of 22.7 million. 89.5% of the populationlation are Romanian, 7.1% are Hungarian. Romania Religion The main religions are Orthox 86%, Catholic, Refomed 3.5%, Protestant 3.5%. The official national language is Romanian and English, German and French are fairly widely spoken.

Romania Language The official language of Romania is Romanian. Romania CurrencyThe offical unit of currency is the Leu which is often shown as Lei. Currency RegulationsVisitors entering or leaving Romania with cash in any currency which exceeds 10,000€, must declare it to customs officials.

Romania – Economy Business

The annual growth rate of the economy in Romania is about 4.9%.Inflation is 14.% having been at 40.7% in 2000, and unemployment is 7.2%. Its major industries are food & bevarage production, manufacturing especially textiles, mining, metallurgy and oil refining. It’s major trading partners are the European Union (especially Italy Germany and France), which recieves over 67% of Romania exports and Russia. Privatisation of state controlled industries and banking institutions continues to be a slow process

Tourism to Romania

Tourism to Romania has increased since the fall of communism but not at a very great pace. The prospects for this industry are good with Romania’s recent admission into the European Union, which has increased the interest of investors from the EU in Romanian property. Bucharest is now served by several low cost airlines who will increase its accessibilty to visitors from all over Europe. It is ikely to become a fairly popular city break.

Emergency Medical Treatment In Romania

Romania has a basic standard of healthcare and arrangements with several countries including the UK nationals for the provision of emergency medical treatment. If you are travelling from the UK you will need a European Health Card. More

Romania Health Notes:

Incidents of Hepatitis A cases occur in Romania.  Drink only bottled water.

Rabies has been a problem in Romania.  It still exists but mainly in rural areas.  You Avoid contact with stray dogs.  If bitten, seek medical help immediately. If you are planning to visit rural areas in Romania, take advice on having innoculations for rabies. Contact  NHS Direct 0845 46 47

Bird Flu – Avian Influenza

This has been found in Bucharest, the Danube Delta, and Transylvania No human infections have contracted the disease. Avoid live animal markets, poultry farms and with domestic, caged or wild birds. Thoroughly cook any egg and poultry dishes.

Earthquakes In Romania

Small tremors and earthquakes do occur in Southwestern Romania each year. The last major quake measuring 5.8 on the Richter sscale was on 27th October 2004 at in Vrancea, 170 kilometres northeast of Bucharest. No one was killed. In 1977 a serious quake in Bucharest on March 4th killed 1570 people and injured 11,000.

Romanian History

Historically, Romania was part of the Roman Empire in the 2nd century AD. The regions of the present day Romania were later part of the Hapsburg, Hungarian and Ottoman Empires. They became Romania at the end of WW1 in 1918.

At the beginning of WW2 Romania was an ally of Nazi Germany but it later supported the allies. In 1944 Soviet Union Forces entered Romania and forced their King Michael to abdicate. A pro-soviet communist goverment was installed. In 1965 Nicolae Ceausescu became President of Romania. He presided over a regime that became famous for it’s oppression and totalitarianism. In 1989 a revolution against the regime ended the comminist rule and the President and his wife were executed on December 25th.

Succesive governments the revoultion have tried to deal with the legacies of the previous regime. Recent governments in 2000 and 2004 have had more success in dealing with these problems and Romania’s relationship with the rest of Europe has improved significantly.

Money Notes

Romania is basically a cash economy Euro’s are the prefered foreign currency The American Dollar and British Pound & travelers chques are difficult to exchange outside the capital. It is illegal to change money with the many pavement currency traders.

Credit Cards

These are not widely accepted especially outside Bucharest and even here they not accepted by some hotels and restaurants

Credit Card Fraud Romania

A growing problem do not let the card out of your sight when paying for a service if you cannot pay in cash. There is an increasing problem of these cards being coped mostly in restaurants and bars enabling unsolicted charges to be made on the account.

Crime In Romania

Petty crime can be a problem especially in the cities and in particular Budapest. The most common incidents involve bag snatches and pick pocketing in crowded or tourist areas. Be particularly careful at ATM machines, exchange bureaus and on public transport. Tourists and their luggage are also targets at the airport and on ther journeys to and from it. Visitors should not leave valuable items including their passports in apartments and hotel rooms.

ATM Machines

Historically these have been scarce but they have become more common in Bucharest and other cities over the last two years. However they remain difficult to find in smaller towns.

Children Visiting Romania & Passport Visa Information

Children visiting Romania are advised to have their own passport.  A photo of the child must be included in the parents passport if the child is entering on a parents passport. For more information on passports and visa requiremets for Romania see the Romanian Consulate link on the euromost consulate page.

Romania Sex Laws

The age of consent is 18 anyone convicted of being involved in underage sex will be given a custodial sentence. Gay sex is legal but generally discrete and frowned upon as it is not socially accepted.

Romania Drug Laws

There is zero tolerance of the use and poession of drugs in Romania. Offenders can expect a prison sentence.

Photo’s & Spying  

It is illegal to take photos in airports and of military bases. It is advisable to seek consent to photo Government buildings and apparently even police vehicles etc.

Travel In Romania

Road Travel In Romania

Road conditionsin Romania range from average to good in cities and towns o poor or very poor in rural areas. Motorways are well maintained. Indigenious Romanian drivers can be agressive and bad tempered and inspite of strict traffic laws unpredictable.

Drivers from the EU must have a full driving licence from their country of residence to drive in Romania. This license has to carried on all journeys along with your insurance and vehicle registration documents. Romanian Police have the right to inspect a drivers licence on demand and the power to confiscate it for between 1-3 months for driving offences during which time the driver cannot drive. The confiscation, which may be accompanied by an on the spot fine can be applied for comparatively minor traffic offences such as not complying with right of away of other motorists, stopping for motorists entitled to cross the road, speeding or driving through a red light.

Drinking and driving is strictly forbidden – the limit is 0.1% about a quarter of a pint of weak beer or tablespoon of wine. Any one found to be over the limit is likely to see the driver serving a prison sentence. Some reports suggest that tourists are often a target for police. Seat belt as are compulsory and children under 12 cannot travel in the front seats.

In rural areas driving can be very hazardous. Not only are they in a poor condition with little or no road marking they are used by cyclists, pedestrians and their animals an horse drawn carts. Most of these roads are unlit and are very dangerous at night. In winter they pose an even greater risk.

Speed limits may vary but generally they are on motorways 130 KPH, ‘Express Roads 100 KPH, rural roads 80KPH and in urban areas 50KPH. Notes 1) Commercial vehicles generally have to travel 10KPH below the above limits but 20KPH below on motorways. 2) Drivers qualified for less than a year or towing a trailer/caravan have to travel 20KPH below the limits above.

A weekly ‘ toll’ charge is payable to use motorways and main roads outside cities. The cost is approximately 3€. You must display the window sticker you are given to avoid a heavy fine for failing to display it. Tickets can be bought at border posts, petrol stations and post offices. Higher charges apply for coaches and commercial vehicles.

Driving in Winter

In winter roads become very dangerous due to snow and ice. All cars and similiar vehicles must have winter tyres fitted from November until the end of April. Commercial vehicles must be fitted with snow chains. At times the weather in Romania can be very severe with heavy snow and very low temperatures – see the euromost city guide for Bucharest. Motorists travelling in Romania during the winter are advised to check the weather forecast and road conditions before setting out. They are also advised to carry mobile phones for use in an emergency along with emergency supplies of food and warm drinks especially when going on a long journey.

Rail Travel In Romania

Romania has an extensive rail work which runs well even in winter. The downside of these services is they can be incredibly slow and often take the long scenic route even between major cities. If you are travelling overnight and require a sleeping compartment it needs to be pre booked. Theft on trains particlarly at night can occur. For info on Romanian rail services please see the euromost European Rail page.

Property and Real Estate Agents in Romania

Cautionary Note:

EU citizens and companies have the rights to acquire land in Romania.  Whilst most property brokers are above board some organised fraudsters do operate. You are advised to take advice from an established agency In your home country and independent legal advice from a qualified, property lawyer, before making a deposit or purchase.

 

 

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